[1]朱海波,聂凤英.深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴有效衔接的逻辑与路径——产业发展的视角[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2020,20(03):15-25.
 ZHU Haibo,NIE Fengying.The Logic and Path of Effective Integration for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Revitalization in Deep Poverty Areas: Perspective of Industrial Development[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2020,20(03):15-25.
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深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴有效衔接的逻辑与路径——产业发展的视角()
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南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
20
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
15-25
栏目:
专题:乡村振兴与乡村产业发展
出版日期:
2020-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Logic and Path of Effective Integration for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Revitalization in Deep Poverty Areas: Perspective of Industrial Development
作者:
朱海波 聂凤英
中国农业科学院 农业信息研究所, 北京 海淀 100081
Author(s):
ZHU Haibo NIE Fengying
关键词:
脱贫攻坚深度贫困地区乡村振兴产业发展新结构经济学
Keywords:
Poverty AlleviationDeep Poverty AreasRural RevitalizationIndustrial DevelopmentNew Structural Economics
分类号:
F323.8
摘要:
从脱贫攻坚的"产业扶贫"到乡村振兴的"产业兴旺",折射出产业发展对于脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴衔接的根本性作用。基于对深度贫困地区精准扶贫调研中发现的产业扶贫市场机制不彰、可持续性差问题,本文首先以新结构经济学的"有效市场+有为政府"理论为基础,提出深度贫困地区扶贫产业可持续发展的理论框架,即应根据当地资源、人力、资本、企业家才能等生产要素的禀赋结构,依循"市场逻辑+政府逻辑"的双重逻辑,培育和发展具有竞争优势的产业形态,并构建多主体激励相容的参与机制及利益分配机制。进一步,基于对深度贫困地区符合上述逻辑的产业扶贫模式的多案例分析,从微观层面探讨市场逻辑和政府逻辑如何协同推动扶贫产业形成市场竞争优势并带动贫困户获取可持续的产业扶贫收益:企业发展与企业家才能的有效发挥将本地资源禀赋变成有市场的产品,政府因势利导对企业进行扶持激励并协调提供软硬件服务,从而推动企业做大做强并形成具有市场竞争优势的可持续扶贫产业;在可持续产业带动下,贫困户通过参与产业链订单生产、直接就业,以及将土地租出、到户扶贫资金入股企业等方式获取收入,提高内生发展能力,从而实现脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴促进人的发展和福祉提升的最终目标。最后,就进一步推动深度贫困地区扶贫产业可持续发展提出政策建议。
Abstract:
From “poverty alleviation by industry” to “industrial prosperity” in rural revitalization, it reflects the fundamental role of industrial development in bridging poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. Based on the problems of ineffective market mechanism and poor sustainability industrial development found in deep poverty areas, this paper first proposes a theoretical framework of sustainable development of poverty alleviation industry in deep poverty areas based on the theory of “an effective market and a facilitating government” of New Structural Economics. In essence, the framework suggests that the deep poverty areas should develop industrial forms with competitive advantages based on the local endowment structure of production factors such as local resources, human resources, capital, and entrepreneurial talent, and follow the dual logic of market and government. Equally important, it should design a participation mechanism and the benefit distribution mechanism of multi-subject incentive compatibility. Furthermore, based on the multi-case analysis, the following conclusions are drawn: The effective use of entrepreneurial talents will transform the local endowment resources into products. Besides, a facilitating government provides support and incentives to enterprises and coordinates the software and hardware services so that it will promote enterprises to become larger and stronger and form sustainable poverty alleviation industries with competition advantages in markets. Driven by competitive industries, poor households can directly be employed by participating in production of the industrial chain. These poor households can also directly obtain income by renting out their land and invest the enterprises from the poverty alleviation fund and it has improved their endogenous development capacity, so as to achieve the ultimate goal of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization to promote human development and well-being. Finally, the paper puts forward policy suggestions on further promoting the sustainable development of poverty alleviation industry in the deep poverty areas.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-01-16。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际合作与交流项目"精准扶贫与互联网扶贫的实施机制与效果评估研究"(71661147001);国家社会科学基金重大项目"精准扶贫战略实施的动态监测与成效评价研究"(16ZDA021);中央公益性科研院所基本科研业务费重点专项"脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴战略的有效 衔接机制研究"(JBYW-AII-2019-09)
作者简介:朱海波,男,中国农业科学院农业信息研究所助理研究员,博士
通讯作者:聂凤英(通信作者),女,中国农业科学院农业信息研究所研究员,博士生导师
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01