[1]贺雪峰.论中坚农民[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2015,15(04):1-6.
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论中坚农民()
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南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
15
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
1-6
栏目:
特约稿
出版日期:
2015-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Mainstay Peasants
作者:
贺雪峰
华中科技大学 中国乡村治理研究中心, 湖北 武汉 430079
关键词:
社会分层城市化土地流转乡村治理
分类号:
D663.2
摘要:
在城市化背景下,大量农村人口从土地中脱离出来,进城务工经商。这些进城农民的主要经济收入不再依赖土地和其他各种在农村的获利机会。这样就增加了部分不愿意或者无法离开农村的中青年农民从土地或者其他农村获利机会中获取收入的可能,从而在农村形成了一个主要收入在村庄、社会关系也在村庄、家庭生活完整、收入水平不低于外出务工家庭的新生中农群体,这个中农群体一般占到农户总数的百分之十至百分之二十,在乡村治理中起着非常重要的作用。从乡村治理的角度看,这个新生中农群体也是基层治理的中坚力量,所以也可以称之为中坚农民。
Abstract:
Under the background of urbanization, a large number of rural population are separated from their land and settle in cities to labor or do business. Their main income no longer relies on land and other rural income-owing opportunities. As a result, the young and middle-aged peasants who are unwilling or unable to leave their villages have more opportunities to increase their farming income and thus a newly-grown rural middle-peasants group is formed, whose main incomes and social relations are both based on villages, and whose families are more unified and whose incomes are not lower than those who go to work in cities. This middle-peasant group makes up about 10% to 20% of rural population and plays an important role in rural governance. From the angle of rural administration and management, this group is mainstay, and therefore can be referred to as mainstay peasants.

参考文献/References:

[1] 贺雪峰.小农立场[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社,2013.
[2] 孙新华.再造农业[D].武汉:华中科技大学博士学位论文,2015.
[3] 夏柱智.论"半工半耕"的社会学意涵[J].人文杂志,2014(7).
[4] 杨华.农村新兴中农阶层与"三农"问题新解[J].广西社会科学,2012(11).

相似文献/References:

[1]赖平耀,钟甫宁.中国的人口变动:1978—2012[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2014,(01):99.
 [J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2014,(04):99.
[2]王玉波.土地财政推动经济与城市化作用机理及实证研究[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2013,(03):70.
 [J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2013,(04):70.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-5-28;改回日期:。
作者简介:贺雪峰,男,华中科技大学中国乡村治理研究中心教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为乡村治理。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01