[1]吕德文.乡村治理70年:国家治理现代化的视角[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2019,19(04):11-19.
 LYU Dewen.70 Years of Rural Governance: A Perspective of the Modernization of State Governance[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2019,19(04):11-19.
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乡村治理70年:国家治理现代化的视角()
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南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
19
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
11-19
栏目:
庆祝新中国成立70周年
出版日期:
2019-07-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
70 Years of Rural Governance: A Perspective of the Modernization of State Governance
作者:
吕德文
武汉大学 社会学系, 湖北 武汉 430072
Author(s):
LYU Dewen
关键词:
国家治理现代化乡村治理人民公社乡政村治
Keywords:
Modernization of State GovernanceRural GovernancePeople’s CommuneTownship Government and Villager Self-Government
分类号:
C912.82
摘要:
70年来的乡村治理实践是在中国特色社会主义制度框架内进行的,它是中国特色社会主义制度实践不可分割的一部分。新中国成立70年来,乡村治理体制经历了多次变革,形成了人民公社、乡政村治和"三治"结合三种乡村治理模式。这三种乡村治理模式,都是国家在特定时期根据治理的目标、任务而建构的,它们因治理主体、内容和方式的差异而呈现出不同的治理特征。然而,在国家治理现代化过程中,一些富有中国特色的乡村治理机制,如压力型体制、运动式治理机制得以延续下来。当前,乡村治理实践面临国家与农民关系失衡、乡村治理内卷化和去政治化等挑战,构建自治、法治和德治相结合的乡村治理新体系,既是国家治理现代化的内在要求,也是解决乡村治理问题的必由之路。
Abstract:
Since the founding of New China, the rural governance system has undergone many changes, forming a country governance model combining the people’s commune, the township government and villager self-government, and the "three combined governances". These three rural governance models are constructed according to the goals and tasks of national governance in a specific period. They are different in governance subjects, contents and methods and as a result show different governance characteristics. However, in the process of the modernization of state governance, some rural governance mechanisms with Chinese characteristics, such as the pressure system and the campaign-style governance mechanism, have survived. At present, the practice of rural governance faces the challenges of the imbalance between the state and the peasants, the involution of rural governance and the depoliticization.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-26。
作者简介:吕德文,男,武汉大学社会学系研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01