[1]杨志辉,李晓春.农业污染治理及生产效率提高对就业的影响[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2020,20(01):127-138.
 YANG Zhihui,LI Xiaochun.The Impact of Pollution Control and Productivity Improvement on Employment[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2020,20(01):127-138.
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农业污染治理及生产效率提高对就业的影响()
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南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
20
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
127-138
栏目:
农业经济
出版日期:
2020-02-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Impact of Pollution Control and Productivity Improvement on Employment
作者:
杨志辉 李晓春
南京大学 商学院, 江苏 南京 210093
Author(s):
YANG Zhihui LI Xiaochun
关键词:
乡村振兴战略现代农业农村生态环境H-T模型绿色发展农业污染治理
Keywords:
Rural Revitalization StrategyModern AgricultureRural Ecological EnvironmentH-T ModelGreen DevelopmentAgricultural Pollution Control
分类号:
F303
摘要:
在国家实施乡村振兴战略的大背景下,通过引入污染治理和生产效率指标对H-T模型进行拓展,构建了一个三部门二元经济理论模型,从消费者效用的角度考察了农业污染治理、生产效率提高对城乡就业的影响。理论研究发现:加大农业污染治理会增加城市和农村部门就业;提高农业劳动生产效率会增加现代农业部门就业,但对其他部门的就业影响不确定;好环境和高工资之间具有一定的替代性,人们在享受好环境时,可以忍受工资的小幅度下降。之后采用2008-2017年中国省级面板数据对理论研究结果进行验证,在验证理论研究结果的基础上进一步得到:农业劳动生产效率提高会使得城市和农村整体就业数量略为下降,反映出农业劳动生产效率提高具有较高的收入效应,但总体上对就业具有一定的挤出效应;另外,当农业生产效率越低时,农业环境治理对农村就业的促进作用越大;当农业环境治理越差时,农业生产效率提高对于农业就业的促进作用越大,表明环境污染治理与生产效率提高在就业作用方面相互影响,农业整体环境技术效率提高是现代农业发展的一个重点。
Abstract:
In the context of the implementation of the national rural revitalization strategy, we expand the H-T model by introducing pollution control and production efficiency indicators, and a three-sector dual economic theory model was constructed to investigate the impact of agricultural pollution control and production efficiency improvement on urban and rural employment from the perspective of consumer utility. According to the theoretical research, strengthening agricultural pollution control has a good employment effect, which increases the employment in urban and rural sectors. Improving the productivity of agricultural labor will increase employment in modern agricultural sector, but the effect on employment in other sectors is uncertain. There is a certain substitution between a good environment and a high salary. People can tolerate a small drop in salary while enjoying a good environment. After the 2008-2017 provincial panel data to validate the theoretical research results in our country, the validation based on the results of theoretical study has been conducted further:agricultural labor productivity improvement makes urban and rural overall employment quantity slightly drop, reflecting the fact that the agricultural labor productivity improves with high income effect, but overall has a certain crowding effect on employment. In addition, when the agricultural production efficiency is lower, the promotion effect of agricultural environmental governance on rural employment is greater; when the agricultural environmental governance is worse, the promotion effect of the improvement of agricultural production efficiency on agricultural employment is greater, indicating that environmental pollution control and the improvement of production efficiency have a strong mutual influence on the employment effect, and the improvement of the overall environmental technology efficiency of agriculture is a key point in the development of modern agriculture.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-01-26。
基金项目:教育部人文科学重点研究基地2017年度重大项目"长江三角洲全面建成小康社会中的绿色发展研究"(17JJD630002);江苏"两个率先"决策咨询研究基地项目"建成美丽江苏的绿色发展路径研究"(17SSL074)
作者简介:杨志辉,男,南京大学商学院博士生;李晓春,男,南京大学商学院教授,博士生导师。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01