[1]望超凡.资本下乡与小农户农业收入稳定性研究——兼论农村产业振兴的路径选择[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2021,21(01):11-21.
 WANG Chaofan.Capital Going to Countryside and Stability of Agricultural Income ofSmall Farmers: On Path Selection of Rural Industry Revitalization[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2021,21(01):11-21.
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资本下乡与小农户农业收入稳定性研究——兼论农村产业振兴的路径选择()
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南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
21
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
11-21
栏目:
农民生计与保障
出版日期:
2020-12-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Capital Going to Countryside and Stability of Agricultural Income ofSmall Farmers: On Path Selection of Rural Industry Revitalization
作者:
望超凡
武汉大学 社会学院,湖北 武汉 430072
Author(s):
WANG Chaofan
关键词:
资本下乡乡村振兴产业振兴农村经济小农户
Keywords:
Capital Going to the CountrysideRural RevitalizationIndustry RevitalizationRural EconomySmall Holoder
分类号:
C915
摘要:
如何理解资本下乡对农村经济发展的影响是本研究的问题意识所在。实地研究发现,资本下乡具有提高农村产业发展水平的积极效果,但是也会造成农村产业中的高附加值环节被工商资本垄断的意外后果,进而导致农村产业内部各环节之间的经济互动溢出熟人社会,从社会交往模式转变为纯粹的市场交易模式。在市场交易模式下,村庄内部的熟人社会网络为小农户营造的保护型结构面临瓦解,进而削弱小农户应对农业生产中各种风险的能力,其农业收入的稳定性也会随之弱化。农业收入稳定性弱化将导致农村无法正常发挥社会保障功能,继而诱发新的社会问题。基于此,本研究认为,应谨慎选择农村产业的振兴路径,多鼓励本土精英自主创业发展经营农村产业,并由政府为其建立制度性融资渠道,实现他们与外部资源的有效连接,从而在推动农村产业发展的同时保持小农户农业收入的稳定性。
Abstract:
How to understand the impact of capital going to the countryside in rural economic development is the problem consciousness concerned in this study. This study adopts the field research method, through the investigation of the practice of capital going to the countryside in Su Village of Western Hubei Province, and finds that capital going to the countryside has a positive effect on improving the development level of rural industry, but it will also lead to the unexpected consequence that the high added value link in the rural industry is monopolized by industrial and commercial capital, which leads to the economic interaction between various links in the rural industry overflowing out of the acquaintance society and the transition from the social interaction mode to the pure market transaction mode. Under the market transaction mode, the protective structure created by the acquaintance social network in the village is facing the collapse, which weakens the small farmers’ ability to deal with various risks in agricultural production, and the stability of their agricultural income will also be reduced. The weakening of agricultural income stability will lead to the failure of rural social security function, and then lead to new social problems. Based on this, this study believes that we should carefully choose the path of rural industry revitalization, encourage local elites to start their own businesses, develop and manage rural industries, and the government should establish institutional financing channels for them, so as to effectively connect them with external resources, so as to promote the development of rural industries and maintain the stability of agricultural income of small farmers.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-05-14。
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目"乡村振兴战略背景下的能人返乡现象研究"(18YJC840014)
作者简介:望超凡,男,武汉大学社会学院博士生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01