[1]贺雪峰.论农村土地集体所有制的优势[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2017,17(03):1-8.
 HE Xuefeng.On the Advantages of Rural Land Collective Ownership[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2017,17(03):1-8.
点击复制

论农村土地集体所有制的优势()
分享到:

南京农业大学学报(社科版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
17
期数:
2017年03期
页码:
1-8
栏目:
特约稿
出版日期:
2017-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Advantages of Rural Land Collective Ownership
作者:
贺雪峰
华中科技大学中国乡村治理研究中心, 湖北 武汉 430079
Author(s):
HE Xuefeng
关键词:
土地制度集体所有制城市化用益物权制度自信
分类号:
F301.1
摘要:
经过新民主主义革命和社会主义改造,形成了具有鲜明特色的中国农村土地集体所有制。中国农村土地集体所有制具有很强的适应性和发展性。人民公社时期“三级所有、队为基础”的体制为中国顺利实现工业化作出了贡献。改革开放时期,通过分田到户,土地所有权属于集体,农户拥有承包经营权,统分结合的双层经营体制较好地发展了农业生产力。当前快速城市化背景下,农村集体土地的承包者与经营者发生分离,并因此造成农业的效率损失。解决问题的办法是充分利用中国农村土地集体所有制的制度优势,对农地产权进行重新设计。正是农村土地集体所有制使得中国具有克服土地私有制国家在农地使用上存在的种种弊病,提高农地使用效率的制度优势。
Abstract:
The rural land collective ownership in China with its special characteristics has been formed since the New Democratic Revolution and the Socialism Reform. It is characterized with strong adaptability and sustainability. Contribution had been made to the smooth industrialization in the beginning of the PRC by the system of three-level ownership based on the brigade in the period of People’s Commune. The agricultural productivity had been greatly pushed with the land system of allocating land to rural households, collective ownership, contract management right to the households,and the double-level management system of unity and division. Under the current background of rapid urbanization, there appeared the disparity between the contractor and the manager of rural land, which caused the loss of agricultural productivity. The way-out is to make a full use of the advantages of the collective ownership of rural land in China, and redesign the rural land ownership. It is the collective nature of the Chinese land ownership that enables China to overcome the drawbacks in the use of rural land the countries with private ownership suffer from and increases the system guarantee for the rural land use.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张路雄.耕者有其田[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社,2012.
[2] 刘强.农地制度论[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2016.
[3] 王海娟.地尽其利[D].武汉:华中科技大学,2016.

相似文献/References:

[1]贺雪峰.如何再造村社集体[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2019,19(03):1.
 HE Xuefeng.How to Recreate Village Collective Organization[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2019,19(03):1.
[2]唐浩,张聪.土地制度应对农村人口老龄化:挑战与思路[J].南京农业大学学报(社科版),2022,22(04):34.
 TANG Hao,ZHANG Cong.How does Land System Cope with Ageing of Rural China?[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University(Social Science),2022,22(03):34.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-1-17。
作者简介:贺雪峰,男,华中科技大学中国乡村治理研究中心主任,博士生导师,长江学者特聘教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-04-25